vorige Hefte

Hans-Heinz Emons:
Das "bunte, bittere" Salz im Huy
Die Geschichte des Kaliwerkes Wilhelmshall-Dingelstedt

The Huywald foothills running parallel to the Harz mountains lie to the north of Halberstadt between the communities of Dardesheim and Schwanebeck and have a ridge height of 300 m above sea level. The four wells sunk in the northern part from 1882 to 1887 served to develop the upper Zechstein salt series with the Stassfurt potassium deposits which had been forced up towards the surface by folding and compression. The construction of the Wilhelmshall I pit in 1892 marked the actual beginning of the potassium era in Huy, which caused industry and the communities in the region to flourish. After an eventful economic development, as reflected in the various owners, the then three pits and the above-ground factory facilities were shut down in June 1926.
At the end of 1934, the Munitions Office took over the plant to set up an ammunition factory. After the Second World War, it was under the control of American forces until 30 June 1945 and then of the Soviet occupying power, until the "decommissioned plant" was handed over in October 1948 to the central potassium administration, later called VVB Kali or Kombinat Kali. Attempts to restart operations between 1958 and 1961 were discontinued even before the pit repairs were completed. Today various buildings testify to the almost 100-year history of "colourful, bitter" salt in Huywald.